Egg donation is the process of harvest of eggs from ovaries for the purpose of facilitating an IVF pregnancy or surrogacy arrangement. The egg donor is compensated for her time, efforts, and the donation of her eggs. The compensation structure, and amount varies by state due to laws and regulations.
The amount of compensation for egg donation ranges from a few thousand to several tens of thousands of dollars. The amount is dependent on many factors including:
- Whether it is your first donation cycle
- Rarity of health of physical characteristics (e.g. hair type, eye color)
- The state in which the egg donation is performed
- The age of the donor
- Ethnic background
- Travel requirements to initiate and complete the egg donation process
Expenses Covered by the Donee
There are expenses involved with the donation process which are covered by the donation recipient. These expenses include:
- Medical & Psychological Screenings – To establish the qualifications of a donor, there is a screening process for mental and physical health.
- Egg Donor Insurance – This insurance is purchased to account for the uncommon situation where there are complications for the donor during the donation process.
- Travel Expenses – Since the donor will have to travel for appointments, screening, and eventual donation procedure, these costs including lodging, meals, mileage, parking, and any transportation costs are covered by the donation beneficiary.
Egg donors generally even have the option of bringing a companion along to appointments, and procedures to help them feel comfortable during the entire process.
Basic Requirements for Becoming an Egg Donor
Egg donation is an altruistic undertaking, which requires strong commitment to helping the intended parents. Though a potential donor may be mentally, and emotionally ready, there are other requirements that need to be met. Some of the most common requirements for egg donors include:
- Being between 21 and 29 years old
- Having a good educational background
- Acceptable BMI (body mass index) as outlined by the agency with which the donor will be working
- Maturity of personality to see the process through
- Display responsibility and the ability to follow through
- Physically healthy, with a healthy family history
- Must not smoke or use drugs
It is important to note that the primary reason for becoming an egg donor should be to help the intended parent(s). Because even though the compensation can be substantial, it usually does not reach the upper limits of the compensation spectrum. With this in mind, donors are well advised to consider their donation a good deed because the process does take effort and will require at least some emotional investment.
Working with the right agency will help make the process pleasant, so take your time and speak with several agencies before making a selection and be sure to voice any concerns, and ask as many questions as you need.